International and national studies of norms and gender division of work at the life course transition to parenthood 
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Project Description
Collaboration Partners

Daniela Grunow

Katia Begall
Alexandra Ils
Gerlieke Veltkamp
Sandra Buchler
Christian Haag
Maria Reimann
Katarzyna Adamczyk
Kristina John


Prof. Dr. Daniela Grunow
Sociology of Social Change
Faculty of Social Sciences
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 6,  Room: 3G.116, PEG
60629 Frankfurt am Main

E-Mail: grunow[at]

Daniela Grunow is the director and principal investigator of the APPARENT project. Since January 2013 she is a Full Professor of Sociology at the Goethe-University Frankfurt/Main (Germany). Daniela received her Ph.D. (summa cum laude) from the Otto-Friedrich University Bamberg (Germany) in 2006. From 2006-2008 Daniela was a Postdoctoral Associate at the Center for Research on Inequalities and the Life Course, Yale University (CT, USA). Before joining the Goethe-University Daniela had been a faculty member at the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam (NL), 2008-2012.

As the director and principal investigator of the APPARENT project she coordinates the cross-national cooperation with researchers in seven European countries, collects original data on parental roles, norms and identities, and engages in comparative research within the APPARENT subprojects.

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Katia Begall, Postdoctoral Researcher
Sociology of Social Change
Faculty of Social Sciences
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 6, Room: PEG 3G.090
60629 Frankfurt am Main

E-Mail: begall[at]

Katia Begall is a Postdoctoral researcher at the Goethe-University Frankfurt/Main (Germany) . She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology which she obtained from the University of Groningen in 2012. In her dissertation research, Katia studied the effect of working conditions and occupations on fertility. Katia’s research interests include fertility and family formation, the division of paid and unpaid labor within households, cross-national comparative research and quantitative methods.

As a postdoctoral researcher in the APPARENT project, Katia will focus on the career consequences of gendered patterns of employment interruption and part-time work and associations between national context and gender roles in comparative perspective.

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Alexandra Ils, Junior Researcher
Sociology of Social Change
Faculty of Social Sciences
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 6, Room: PEG 3G.102
60323 Frankfurt am Main

E-Mail: ils[at]

Alexandra Ils studied Political Science and Sociology at the RWTH Aachen University and at the Lomonosov Moscow State University. She obtained her Bachelor of Arts degree in September 2012 and started her Master’s programme in Sociology at the Goethe University in Frankfurt in the same year. Her Master’s thesis was a study in norms and values of medical experts who advice parents (to be) in the pre- and postnatal phase. 

As a member of the APPARENT team she will collect data to scrutinize norms and values of parenthood in influencial media outlets in Germany. 

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Gerlieke Veltkamp, Junior Researcher
Sociology of Social Change
Faculty of Social Sciences
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 6, Room: PEG 3G.089
60629 Frankfurt am Main 

E-Mail: veltkamp[at]

Gerlieke Veltkamp is a PhD candidate at the Goethe-University. She studied Social Sciences at the University of Amsterdam and completed her Research Master with specializations in Health, Care and the Body and Institutions and Inequality. Her thesis focused on Dutch professionals in postnatal care, constructing knowledge of parents in a context of risk. Gerlieke works as an editor for the ‘Sociologie Magazine’ and is furthermore employed in the forensic youth psychiatry sector in Amsterdam, where she is involved in effect research and policy writing. Previously, she was educated as a family therapist and she worked with youth and families with psychosocial problems in a forensic setting.
As a junior researcher in the APPARENT project, she will coordinate a cross-national comparison on expert-parent interactions in (pre)natal and postnatal care.

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Dr. Sandra BuchlerPostdoctoral Researcher
Sociology of Social Change
Faculty of Social Sciences
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 6, Room: PEG 3G.090
60629 Frankfurt am Main

E-Mail: buchler[at]

Sandra Buchler has been employed as a Research Fellow and Lecturer at the Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt am Main since January 2014. She majored in Sociology and German at the University of Queensland (Brisbane, Australia), before completing a first class Honours Degree and PhD at the same university. Her doctoral dissertation, which was undertaken within the frame of a joint ARC (Australian Research Council) and FaHCSIA (Federal Government Department of Families, Housing, Communiy Services and Indigenous Affairs) funded research project, conducted a systematic analysis of cohabitation in Australia. Titled "Cohabitation in Australia: Characteristics, Transitions and Outcomes", her doctoral dissertation explored the characteristics of cohabiters, which factors influence transitions out of cohabitation and how cohabitation influences happiness. Sandra received the Dean's Award for Research Higher Degree Excellence for her doctoral dissertation.
Sandra was employed at the University of Bamberg from mid 2011 to late 2013, where she was involved in the eduLIFE Project. Her current research focuses include how first births influence attitudes towards gender roles, the influence of gender on transitions into labour market and the association between marital status and happiness. Her primary interests include families and household, cohabitation, gender, longitudinal research, life course research and quantitative methods.
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Dr. Christian Haag, Assistant Researcher



Christian Haag holds a diploma degree in Sociology from the University of Bamberg and also studied at the National University of Ireland in Galway. He has taught and researched at the Chair of Sociology I at the University of Bamberg, at the State Institute for Family Research at the University of Bamberg (ifb), and at the Goethe University Frankfurt. His work is focussed on empirical methods in social research, social inequality, life course research, and family sociology. Specialties include employment of women and mothers, reconciliation of family and employment, same-sex relationships and homosexuality, attitudes towards the family and normative images of the family, and parenting intentions, particularly in the context of artificial reproductive techniques

In his dissertation, Christian Haag contributes to the body of research in family sociology in providing original results on parenting intentions of homosexual women and men. Based on a quantitative German dataset from the State Institute for Family Research at the University of Bamberg (ifb), the thesis delineates parenting intentions, finds evidence for influencing factors which are important in the development of these intentions, and furthermore describes and discusses intended family patterns of homosexual women and men. The implications are discussed at an individual and a societal level. Results throughout point towards the importance of the social and legal framework. Results and their implications extend to common issues and topics for all couples in treatment with assisted reproductive techniques.

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Maria Reimann, PhD Candidate

E-Mail: reimann[at] 

Maria Reimann is a PhD Candidate at the University of Amsterdam and worked as Junior Researcher at the Goethe-University Frankfurt/Main (Germany). She studied ethnography and cultural anthropology at the University of Warsaw and the University of Copenhagen (ERASMUS scholarship). She defended her MA thesis “The good stepfather. A father figure or a friend?” at the University of Warsaw in February 2011. Maria’s main research interests include kinship and family, parenthood, medical anthropology, institutions and human agency, and qualitative methods.

As a junior researcher in the APPARENT project, she conducted in-depth interviews with Polish couples at the life course transition to parenthood. She then compared the data with the data from other European countries of the project, focusing on the norms and practises of parenting and the gender division of labour.

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Dr. Katarzyna AdamczykPostdoctoral Researcher
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
Institute of Psychology
ul. Szamarzewskiego 89/AB
60-568 Poznań

E-Mail: Katarzyna.Adamczyk[at]

Katarzyna Adamczyk is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Human Development Psychology and Family Studies at the Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland. Her Ph.D. thesis focused on psychological factors associated with singlehood in young adulthood. She has published several papers in the field of singlehood, including the book 'Selected psychological circumstances of singlehood in young adulthood' and articles, such as 'An Investigation of loneliness and perceived social support among single and partnered young adults and Perceived social support and mental health among single vs. partnered Polish young adults' (with Prof. Chris Segrin). Currently, together with Prof. Chris Segrin from the University of Arizona, she is serving the function of a Principal Investigator in the research project “A longitudinal assessment of mental and physical health among Polish and American young adults” (UMO-2014/13/B/HS6/01382) funded by the Polish National Science Centre.

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Kristina John, Junior Researcher

E-Mail: kristina.john[at]

Kristina John worked as a junior researcher in the APPARENT Project from April 2011 to January 2014. She collected data on the (political) discourse and norms about fatherhood and motherhood from mainstream media from the 1980s to 2010 in the Netherlands and Germany.
She is now a junior researcher at the Research and Study Centre Dynamics of Change at the University of Mannheim. 

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